Less and Less Delinquent Teens Are Incarcerated in Recent Years
Juvenile arrest rate is on the decrease based on 2014 data released by . To get a broad perspective, we should compare two sets of data separated by a generation: 1995 and 2014. All numbers indicate a rate of arrests per 100,000 juveniles at the ages of 10 – 17. In 1995 arrest rate for all types of crime was 6,466. In 2014 it was cut by more than a half reaching 3,008.1.
Arrest rate for murder in 1995 stood at 10.7. In 2014 it was 5 times lower – 2.2. When it comes to rape, there were 18.3 arrests in 1995 and 9.6 in 2014. Minor offenses also saw a major decline. Arrest rate for drunkenness was 67.4 in 1995 and 19.3 in 2014.
How can we explain this blessed decline in arrest rate?
When it comes to minor offenses, the main cause is a changed police policy. That is to say, less offenses end up with the offender being incarcerated. Law enforcement is more lenient today. No one wants under-aged teens to have an arrest record that may stain their future.
As to more serious offenses, there is no doubt that recent years saw a major decrease in overall crime rate (crimes committed by juveniles and adults as well). It is a result of a steady increase in the standard of living. However social and racial gaps still remain and that is a challenge national and state authorities are still facing.
Of course, there are other causes:
- A rise in police force and presence on the streets.
- The population has aged.
- Decrease in unemployment rate.
- Decrease in alcohol and drug consumption.
All in all, the united states is a safer place today and we should be grateful for that.